Synthetically Designed Consciousness

We often create artificial versions of things that mimic, but don’t fully measure up to the real object. Many Artificial Intelligence (AI) programs create the impression that they operate with intelligence, even though they don’t actually make the decisions themselves, because they have embedded expert knowledge. Decision trees are abstracted from real life scenarios by …

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Learning Smart

Instead of focusing on learning facts, we should first concentrate on how to best learn. Learning facts first often teaches thinking skills limited to the specific fact set. The result is rote memorization without the ability to self improve learning and thinking skills. Critical learning and thinking skills include: Observation – it’s important to know …

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Point of View Defines Problems

The test of a first-rate intelligence is the ability to hold two opposed ideas in mind at the same time and still retain the ability to function. F. Scott Fitzgerald The definition of a problem is two forces or ideas that seem to oppose each other. A spatial mapping of opposition involves vectors that are …

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A Definition of Consciousness

First, we need to note that consciousness is not the same thing as simple intelligence or analytical reasoning and thinking. Consciousness is a blend of an information baseline, the intelligence to manipulate the information to produce reasoning, and the self awareness of these processes. Typically, the information is provided by forms of sensory input, although …

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Synthetic Intelligence (SI)

As we develop intelligence, we learn to abstract basic patterns from the swirl of chaotic information around us. Then we learn to extrapolate expansions and trends based upon those basic abstractions and this allows us to begin to predict. By observing the success of our predictions, we can modify the process of abstraction and extrapolation …

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Evaluating Our Models

It is obvious that models can be evaluated by testing how they predict outcomes that are observed in real life scenarios. But not all models can be tested in that manner and some scenarios may not be so obvious as to be anticipated. Models, by their nature, are abstracts of reality. If they were an …

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Intelligence and Ethics

While intelligence certainly involves some level of calculating, analyzing and reasoning, it seems to go beyond that. We also associate with intelligence, collateral characteristics such as communications, emotional awareness and even some things we consider to be spiritual. The ability to apply the results of reasoning and calculating in a manner associated with “wisdom” is …

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Defining Intelligence

Intelligence is: Ability to abstract – to be able to separate pieces from a whole or a group that define a pattern that has significance and make a copy of the pattern Ability to discern likenesses and differences in copied patterns and categorize them Ability to compare pattern categorizations to different objects or groups and …

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Knowledge Quadrants

We can divide knowledge into four general categories: Known knowns – this describes knowledge we have and we are aware that we have it Known unknowns – this describes knowledge we don’t have and we are aware that we don’t have it Unknown knowns – this describes knowledge that have but we are not aware …

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Metacognition and Knowledge Engineering

The word “cognition” implies using thinking to achieve a status of knowing something. METAcognition uses the reflexive prefix “meta” to imply using thinking to achieve a status of knowing about using thinking to achieve a status of knowing. It can be used to describe methodologies for thinking or solving problems or learning. When we study …

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