Point of View Defines Problems

The test of a first-rate intelligence is the ability to hold two opposed ideas in mind at the same time and still retain the ability to function.
F. Scott Fitzgerald

The definition of a problem is two forces or ideas that seem to oppose each other. A spatial mapping of opposition involves vectors that are a reverse image of each other and an assumption that they are incapable of passing through each other. It’s simple to imagine two solid objects that are trying to move through each other along reverse vectors, creating a collision.

Obvious resolutions include one or both vectors changing directions or effort levels in a way that reduces collision. The objects or forces could also have their characteristics altered in a way that allows collision to be reduced, such as passing through each other.

Less obvious solutions may be available. Two vectors that appear to be in opposition on a two dimensional plane might be able to pass by each other in a third dimension, making the “problem” an apparent collision that has a solution that is viewpoint dependent. The same reasoning can be applied to three dimensional solid objects/vectors that appear to be in opposition in three dimensions, while having a resolution in four dimensions. Adding more dimensions make more solutions available, suggesting that all problems can be resolved by shifting point of view across dimensions that were not included in the framing of the original “problem”.

Historically, one the greatest examples of this is the “Copernican inversion”, when Copernicus turned inside out the model that the Earth was at the center of the Solar System and the Sun and other planets orbited around Earth, and proposed that the Sun was at the center with the planets, including Earth, orbiting around it. This simple change revolutionized astronomy and was embedded in the launch period of the Renaissance.
1473 – Copernicus – bio

The real test of a first rate intelligence is the ability to hold two opposed ideas in mind at the same time and rotate point of view until a viewpoint is found from which there is no opposition between the two ideas.